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Armenia Armenia Municipality of Gavar

Municipality of Gavar

« Municipality of Gavar » takes part in the European Local Democracy Week - a paneuropean event coordinated by the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe - as « Partner city »

Gavar (Armenian: Գավառ), is a town in Armenia and the capital of the Gegharkunik Province. It is situated among the high mountains of Gegham range to the west of Lake Sevan, with an average height of 1982 meters above sea level. Located 98 kilometers east of the capital Yerevan, the town had a population of 20,765 as per the 2011 census. As of the 2016 official estimate, the population of Gavar is 19,500.

Etymology

The town was known as Nor Bayezet or Novo-Bayazet until 1959, named after the Western Armenian town of Bayazet (historically known as Daroynk and Arshakavan). Between 1959 and 1995, the town was known as Kamo, named after the Bolshevik revolutionary Kamo (Simon Ter-Petrosian). ...

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Gavar (Armenian: Գավառ), is a town in Armenia and the capital of the Gegharkunik Province. It is situated among the high mountains of Gegham range to the west of Lake Sevan, with an average height of 1982 meters above sea level. Located 98 kilometers east of the capital Yerevan, the town had a population of 20,765 as per the 2011 census. As of the 2016 official estimate, the population of Gavar is 19,500.

Etymology

The town was known as Nor Bayezet or Novo-Bayazet until 1959, named after the Western Armenian town of Bayazet (historically known as Daroynk and Arshakavan). Between 1959 and 1995, the town was known as Kamo, named after the Bolshevik revolutionary Kamo (Simon Ter-Petrosian). On December 4, 1995, the town was renamed Gavar, meaning county in the Armenian language.

However, Gavar is colloquially known as Kyavar (Քյավառ)[3][4] since the 19th century.

Gavar was founded in 1830 around 8 km west of the Lake Sevan by Armenian migrants from the town of Bayazit (historically known as Daroynk and Arshakavan) of the Ottoman Empire. Being known as "New Bayazit", the settlement achieved the status of a town in 1850.

However, the area of modern-day Gavar has been inhabited since the Bronze Age. Many historical tombstones, dating back to the 2nd millennium BC are founded in Gavar. The remains of a cyclopean fort dating back to the early Iron Age, are found on a hill at the centre of the town. It is supposed that the fortress was the royal capital of the Velikukhi region within the Urartu kingdom. It was surrounded with more than 22 minor fortifications. The region of Velikukhi was conquered by the Urartian king Sarduri II. His son, Rusa II renamed the fortress in honour of Khaldi; one of the three chief deities of Ararat.[5] The Artsvakar neighbourhood of Gavar is also home to another Iron Age fortress, dating back to the 2nd millennium BC.

After the establishment of the ancient Kingdom of Armenia, the territory of modern-day Gavar was included within the Gegharkunik canton at the north of the historic Syunik province of Armenia Major.

Many other medieval monuments, including monasteries, Khachkars (cross-stones), gravestones and a chapel are also found in the town. The Hatsarat neighbourhood (a separate village until the 1960s) is home to the Hatsarat Monastery with 2 churches dating back to the 7th and 19th centuries.[6]

Over the centuries, the area of modern-day Gavar had been severely destroyed, with the latest taking place during the 17th century, when it was ruined by Shah Abbas I of Persia.

Gavar, along with many other regions of Eastern Armenia became part of the USSR in December 1920. After achieving the status of an urban-type settlement in 1950, the town has been developed gradually over the years. It was once home to 36,400 people.[7]

After the independence of Armenia in 1991, the population has declined to 23,302 as reported in the 2001 census. Much of the Soviet era infrastructure has failed and the industrial capacity has floundered.

Geography and climate

Gavar in winter 2009

At an average height of 1982 meters above sea level, Gavar is situated on the shores of Gavaraget river. The town is dominated by the Gegham mountains from the west and the Lake Sevan from the east. At a height of 3,597 meters, mount Azhdahak is located around 15 km southwest of Gavar.

The town is surrounded by a number of villages including Noratus from the east, Karmirgyugh and Gandzak from the south.

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Activity referring to the leading theme "Living together in culturally diverse societies: respect, dialogue, interaction"

The first meeting of the new council Gavar

boussole Municipality of Gavar
date From 04/11/2016 to 04/11/2016

A discussion 2013 - 2016 four - year plan of development of Gavar city

boussole Municipality of Gavar
date From 28/10/2016 to 30/11/2016

The contents of this web page are published under the responsibility of Municipality of Gavar http://www.gavariqaghaqapetaran.am/

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