Semaine européenne de la démocatie locale
FR EN
Turkey Turkey Rize Municipality

Rize Municipality

« Rize Municipality » takes part in the European Local Democracy Week - a paneuropean event coordinated by the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe - as « Partner city »

DESCRIPTION OF RIZE CITY Historical Development There have been various views suggested as to the name of RIZE province. The Greek word Rhisos ,meaning ‘’ rice’’ was used as RIZA in Romaic meaning , ‘’mountain slopes ‘’. In Ottoman Turkish ‘ RIZE ‘ means ‘ bit’ , ‘crap’. Additionally , ‘Eriza , the name for Erzincan in the period of Sakalar is said to have been used for Rize with dropping ‘ e’ sound at the beginning of the word. Although Some communities that were busy with animals husbandry are estimated to have lived in Rize and its vicinity in the early 2000 B.C , the written history of Rize starts with expeditions made

Read more »

DESCRIPTION OF RIZE CITY Historical Development There have been various views suggested as to the name of RIZE province. The Greek word Rhisos ,meaning ‘’ rice’’ was used as RIZA in Romaic meaning , ‘’mountain slopes ‘’. In Ottoman Turkish ‘ RIZE ‘ means ‘ bit’ , ‘crap’. Additionally , ‘Eriza , the name for Erzincan in the period of Sakalar is said to have been used for Rize with dropping ‘ e’ sound at the beginning of the word. Although Some communities that were busy with animals husbandry are estimated to have lived in Rize and its vicinity in the early 2000 B.C , the written history of Rize starts with expeditions made by sailors from Miletus . In that period , the Milesian sailors established trade colonies on the coasts of the Black Sea. After that, the region raided by Cimmerians ,Medes and Persians was captured by King Pharnaces in 18. B.C and then it came under the domination of The Romans . From 4. B.C on ,It changed hands between Sasanians and Byzantines ceaselessly . The region was under the control of The Turks after the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 but it came under the control of The Byzantine again as the The Seljuks headed towards west. The Ottoman Empire annexed some part of Rize in 1461 and its other areas in 1509. From 1924 onwards, Rize has been a province of the Republic of Turkey. Geographical Location Rize province is a province of north-east Turkey,on the eastern Black Sea Region.Its central district lies between latitudes 41°01′29″N and longitudes 40°31′20″E. The territory of the district is 222 km2 and covers % 5.5 of total land of the province. Rize which lies on the northern side of the Black Sea mountain ranges has uneven and mountainous terrain. It has got a very narrow coastal strip , alluvial plains, and landfills , which has a significant place in Rize’s topography. The width of the coastal strip 13 km on average . Rize province is bordered by Artvin to the east,Erzurum and Gümüşhane to the south and Trabzon to the west. Population The Population of Rize is 328,979 according to the data of 2015 Address-Based Population Registration System. This population consists of 163.379 male and 165.600 female. By percentage, 49,66 % of it is male and 50 ,34% is female. Economy of Rize The economic structure of Rize is agriculturally based on tea production and tea industry. Fishery and forestry products also contribute to its ecomomy. 70% of the labour force works in agricultural sector. Rize is famous for anchovy, Rize Tea and Rize fabric which is made of linseed (flax). Agriculture: Rize , which is mountainous and covered with tree s, has got hardly any plains. Only 1% of total land of Rize province has got plain. Rize is well-known for its tea production. Almost two –thirds of Turkey’s tea production is made in Rize. That it has got a mild and warm climate and receives abundant precipitation makes it suitable for tea production. Tea cultivation started between 1940-1945 and became widespread after 1945. Approximately 400.000 tones tea is grown in 40.000 hectares tea gardens, thus tea cultivation has become the main agriculture sector. Animal husbandry : As tea cultivation became widespread , corn cultivation lost its significance ,thus causing animal husbandry to dwindle. However, plateaus and high meadows which are covered with pasturelands are suitable for animal breeding . Beekeeping is spreading widely . Anzer Honey which is a kind of honey produced in İkizdere is quite well-known . it is considerably valuable. Fishing is quite advanced and Rize is ranked as the fourth in fish production after Ordu, Trabzon and İstanbul. The coasts of Rize possess a potential of abundant and quality fish. Fishermen in Rize go open sea fishing by fishing vessels weighing 30-40 tones . Many kinds of fish are caught abundantly in the coast of Rize such as anchovy, grey mullet, horse mackerel ,bonito, red mullet, turbot, needle fish, mendole, haddock, bluefish ,sea-robins, mackerel, black bream, twait shad and sea bass. Forestry: Rize has got 150.000 hectares of forest land and 35.000 hectares of shrubbery. In forests are found beech trees, red pines, chestnuts, alders, trembling poplars, white willows, hornbeams, oaks, ash trees and various wild fruit trees. There are 46 villages located in the forest and 36 villages next to the forest. Each year 100.000 m3 industrial wood and 70 stere fuel wood is obtained from the forest. Industry: Rize’s industry depends largely on tea process factories and workshops. There are 20 factories and 15 workshops which process tea , a tea packing plant and there is a base repair factory that repairs and supplies factories with spare parts . Apart from tea factories and workshops , there are flour plants , lumber mills , metal casting plants, confectioneries (Turkish delight, jam, halva, candies), aluminum culinary utensil plant ,fish meal and fish oil factories , nail and wireworks factories. Mining: Rize is rich in copper ,manganese and kaolinite deposits . Of all these, only a small amount of manganese is mined.

« Read less


The contents of this web page are published under the responsibility of Rize Municipality www.rize.bel.tr

Partners
SEDL
Population
331.048 inhabitants
Website
Your Email *