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HAKKARI MUNICIPALITY

« HAKKARI MUNICIPALITY » takes part in the European Local Democracy Week - a paneuropean event coordinated by the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe - as « Partner city »

BC The first information about the name of the Hakkari region, which has been a settlement since 7000, can be found in X.yy Arab history and geography sources. The famous Arab historian Ibn Havsal; Hakkari in the region meaning Her-kariyan (strong, warrior, able) is the name of the tribes living in that geography. The region has been referred to as Hakkari since Suleiman the Magnificent took part in the Ottoman lands in 1536. The Kurdish name is Colemerg. The Hakkari region reveals that there are short-term settlements starting from the middle paleolithic period dating to 100.000-40.000 BC. The documents revealing that the settlement in the region continued in the Neolithic period are rock paintings found in different places within the provincial borders. An important part of these paintings are those found in the Gevaruk valley, southeast of Hakkari. BC In the 2000s, the first information about the human communities living in the highlands of Eastern Anatolia, including Hakkari, was founded by I.Ö. XIII. According to an inscription of Assyrian King Salmanassar I (1280-1261 BC), communities in this mountainous region continued to exist in the second half of 2000s as independent principalities. This situation continued until the 1000s before BC. However, BC IX. In the early 18th century, the Uriatri (Uratri) and Nairi federations of Hurrian descent came together to resist the non-stop plundering of the Assyrian kingdom from the south In order to find new settlements in 1054, the Turkmens came to Van Lake under the direction of Tugrul Bey and made raids from the Coruh Valley to the Parhan Mountains. Meanwhile, they captured Hakkari for a while. İlhanlı ruler Hülagü, after defeating the caliph's army in Iraq in 1258, wanted to seize Hakkari in order to prove his power in the region. Hülagü came to Hakkari, took the city and killed a significant part of the people and destroyed the region. Towards the 1360s, the tribes in the region united and founded the Hakkari Principality. Izzeddin Sir I was appointed head of the principality. His administration was a period of solidarity, order and peace for Hakkari and its surroundings. In the first 25 years, the Hakkari principality became stronger. Van and Vastan (Gevaş) were connected to İzzeddin Şir. Timur's increasing activity in Eastern Anatolia ended the peace period of the Hakkari principality. Izzeddin was left at the head of the Hakkari principality in Şir. XVII and XVIII. The Hakkari Principality continued to exist in the 18th century. Starting in 1688 alone, the form of governance of the region changed from ‘affiliated government‘ to ‘January‘. XIX. At the beginning of the century, Hakkari region was connected to Van Province. The Russians entered Hakkari on 3 December 1914. After occupying Hakkari for three years, the Russians began to evacuate the regions with the Treaties of Erzincan and Brest-Litovsk after the October Revolution of 1917. The 6th Army in Iraq went north and took control of Hakkari and its region on 22 April 1918. Negotiations were held in Hakkari Lausanne. Armed not taken into conflict with negotiations and agreements with the borders of Turkey. Colemerg, which was occupied by the Russians during World War I, was transformed into the central district of Hakkari province, founded in 1924. When Hakkari became a province in 1936, Colemerg became the central district of Hakkari and gained its present position.

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BC The first information about the name of the Hakkari region, which has been a settlement since 7000, can be found in X.yy Arab history and geography sources. The famous Arab historian Ibn Havsal; Hakkari in the region meaning Her-kariyan (strong, warrior, able) is the name of the tribes living in that geography. The region has been referred to as Hakkari since Suleiman the Magnificent took part in the Ottoman lands in 1536. The Kurdish name is Colemerg. The Hakkari region reveals that there are short-term settlements starting from the middle paleolithic period dating to 100.000-40.000 BC. The documents revealing that the settlement in the region continued in the Neolithic period are rock paintings found in different places within the provincial borders. An important part of these paintings are those found in the Gevaruk valley, southeast of Hakkari. BC In the 2000s, the first information about the human communities living in the highlands of Eastern Anatolia, including Hakkari, was founded by I.Ö. XIII. According to an inscription of Assyrian King Salmanassar I (1280-1261 BC), communities in this mountainous region continued to exist in the second half of 2000s as independent principalities. This situation continued until the 1000s before BC. However, BC IX. In the early 18th century, the Uriatri (Uratri) and Nairi federations of Hurrian descent came together to resist the non-stop plundering of the Assyrian kingdom from the south In order to find new settlements in 1054, the Turkmens came to Van Lake under the direction of Tugrul Bey and made raids from the Coruh Valley to the Parhan Mountains. Meanwhile, they captured Hakkari for a while. İlhanlı ruler Hülagü, after defeating the caliph's army in Iraq in 1258, wanted to seize Hakkari in order to prove his power in the region. Hülagü came to Hakkari, took the city and killed a significant part of the people and destroyed the region. Towards the 1360s, the tribes in the region united and founded the Hakkari Principality. Izzeddin Sir I was appointed head of the principality. His administration was a period of solidarity, order and peace for Hakkari and its surroundings. In the first 25 years, the Hakkari principality became stronger. Van and Vastan (Gevaş) were connected to İzzeddin Şir. Timur's increasing activity in Eastern Anatolia ended the peace period of the Hakkari principality. Izzeddin was left at the head of the Hakkari principality in Şir. XVII and XVIII. The Hakkari Principality continued to exist in the 18th century. Starting in 1688 alone, the form of governance of the region changed from ‘affiliated government‘ to ‘January‘. XIX. At the beginning of the century, Hakkari region was connected to Van Province. The Russians entered Hakkari on 3 December 1914. After occupying Hakkari for three years, the Russians began to evacuate the regions with the Treaties of Erzincan and Brest-Litovsk after the October Revolution of 1917. The 6th Army in Iraq went north and took control of Hakkari and its region on 22 April 1918. Negotiations were held in Hakkari Lausanne. Armed not taken into conflict with negotiations and agreements with the borders of Turkey. Colemerg, which was occupied by the Russians during World War I, was transformed into the central district of Hakkari province, founded in 1924. When Hakkari became a province in 1936, Colemerg became the central district of Hakkari and gained its present position.

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