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City of Skopje

Skopje is the capital of North Macedonia, located in the central part of the Skopje valley, in the upper part of the river Vardar. Skopje Valley is a physical-geographical unit, which is enclosed by mountain massifs by all sides, influenced by the mixed Continental Mediterranean climate. Basic characteristics of this area are: moderately warm climate with dry and hot summers, average temperatures from 0-3? C in January, 22-25?C in mid-July and evenly distributed precipitation with a minimum in the summer. Seasonal climate variations and the appearance of fog and temperature inversion in the winter period amplify environmental pollution, which is the greatest environmental challenge for the City’s administration. According to the data, Skopje is the largest and fastest growing city in the country. Based on the last official count from 2002, Skopje had a population of 506,926 inhabitants but according to official estimates, the city had a population of 544,086 inhabitants, as of June 30, 2015. The city of Skopje belongs to the Skopje region, which covers the Skopje valley basin with a total area of 1,812 km2 , and is the smallest of the 8 regions in the Republic of North Macedonia. The population density is four times the average of the country. 88% of the population in the region is concentrated in the city of Skopje, or 25.1% of the total population in the country. Skopje is the largest political, administrative, educational, cultural and economic center of the country, in which all the national and international institutions are settled. Skopje is a center of the Skopje Region. Organization, responsibilities and governance are regulated with the Law on Skopje City. The City is the main traffic center in the country, situated at an intersection of two main European transport corridors (VIII and X). The socio-economic characteristics of the area are also typical of an urban transition area with strong internal migration and daily traveling to workplaces. Skopje has a huge cultural and historical heritage that is the basis for the development of tourism. The connection of tradition and modern times, of Christianity and Islam, give to the City a special stamp, making it part of the great mosaic of the cultural diversity, religious tolerance, a city of different people with the same values and the same desire: the City to grow into a big green capital. The City of Skopje has remembered its 2,000 years old history, a history full of conquests, military destruction and natural disasters, a history full of persistence, consistency, love and devotion to the city, which is why the famous catchword for our city is: "The life is short, Skopje is eternal ". The old part of the City, the Old bazaar, is a very popular touristic destination where the old traditional professions are still alive. The mixture of the Oriental and European culture and habits can be met here. After the catastrophic-earthquake in 1963, Skopje became a Town of solidarity and with support of Global Community has grown in a modern European town, keeping its multicultural and multiethnic characteristics. The main environmental challenges are: decreasing air pollution, combating Climate Change, waste management in compliance with EU Directives, increasing green areas and building a healthy, flexible, mobile and sustainable city, which provides good living conditions and prosperity to its citizens. In that regard, the vision of the Mayor of Skopje is to establish a sustainable environment based on knowledge, innovation and a highly qualified, environmentally-aware and creative workforce that, using best world practices, creates conditions for a good quality of life, long-term success and continuous expansion of green urban spaces. Skopje is an inclusive, prosperous, ecologically oriented, economically viable and sustainable environment for the current and future generations. The Republic of North Macedonia ratified the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 1997, the Kyoto Protocol in 2004 and the Paris Agreement in 2018. This confirms the commitment of the Government to join the global efforts for addressing climate change by implementing activities for reducing the GHG emissions in order to limit the rise of global temperature to maximum 2 ?? by the end of the century and to ensure low carbon growth and development. Furthermore, the City of Skopje is the only city/local community in South East Europe which has a full-fledged local GHG inventory developed in line with the globally recognised standards and protocols for community scale GHG inventories.