Samos lies in the eastern part of the Aegean Sea near the coast of Asia Minor, between parallels 37ο49΄ and 37ο37΄ North latitude and meridians 26ο33’ and 27ο04΄ 30΄΄ east longitude.
It is located 175 nautical miles away from Piraeus and is the closest to Turkey Greek island, from which it is separated by the Mykali strait or Dar Bogaz in Turkish, with a minimum width of approximately 1650 m. At its northwest lies Chios, Ikaria at its west, Fournoi at its southwest and Dodecanese at its south, of which the nearest are Agathonisi, Arki and Patmos.
The capital of Samos since the principality era is located 18 km. from the airport and is amphitheatrically built in a beautiful bay. The square of Pythagoras is a central town point, built in 1864. The town is the administrative centre of the island and features high-quality tourist infrastructure along with restaurants and entertainment facilities. It is worth visiting the Archaeological Museum where the colossal Kouros is exhibited among many other imposing statues (including the Group of Geneleos), grave objects and offerings, mainly from the area of Heraion. You should also visit the Ecclesiastical Museum of the Metropolis, the Public Library, the Cathedral of St. Spyridon, the Wine Museum in Malagari and the wonderful neoclassical buildings. Other places worth visiting are the City Hall and the Municipal Gallery, which housed the Chamber of Samian Deputies during the Principality era, and the Historical Archive of Samos.