From a Cossack settlement to a major industrial, cultural and scientific centre, the city of Kharkiv is the administrative center of the historical and geographical region of Ukraine, which is named "Slobozhanshchina". The area of modern Kharkiv exceeds 300 square kilometers, and the population is 1 million 450 thousand people. The territory of the city is a hilly plain with valleys, ravines.
Lviv is a city of 750,000 residents about 70 km. from the EU border and 160 km. from the eastern Carpathian Mountains. Lviv has a colourful history dating to 1256 when King Danylo Halytskyi founded the city, part of the Galician Kingdom, and named it after his son, Lev. Over more recent years, Lviv was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until 1918 and part of Poland before World War II. As a result, the European influence on Lviv is seen in its architecture throughout the city, as well as on the multi ethnicities and religions evident in the variety of church styles, education, and places of worship.